Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat

Featured Buildings Involving LERA

4 World Trade Center

4 World Trade Center, New York City

Part of the new World Trade Center complex, 4 World Trade Center stands on the southeast corner of the site, where the original once stood.

Bitexco Financial Tower

Bitexco Financial Tower, Ho Chi Minh City

Drawing inspiration from Vietnam's national flower, the lotus, the Bitexco Financial Tower is a representation of the aspiration and energy goals of Ho Chi Minh City.

Cooper Square Hotel

Cooper Square Hotel, New York City

Located in the heart of the East Village, this high-rise luxury hotel, offering 145 rooms and suites, opened to guests in 2008.

Hermitage Plaza

Hermitage Plaza, Courbevoie

Hermitage Plaza is a mixed-use project at the entrance of Europe's biggest central district, across from the Seine River.

KL118 Tower

KL118 Tower, Kuala Lumpur

KL118, the first building taller than the Petronas Towers proposed in Kuala Lumpur, is being constructed in the vicinity of Plaza Rakyat.

Lotte World Tower

Lotte World Tower, Seoul

Taking inspiration from traditional Korean art forms in the design of the various interior spaces, the sleek tapered form will stand out from the city's rocky mountainous topography.

Puerta de Europa

Puerta de Europa, Madrid

Spanish for Gate of Europe, these twin office buildings are inclined at 15° over the Plaza de Castilla bus station.

Shanghai World Financial Center

Shanghai World Financial Center, Shanghai

The Shanghai World Financial Center has become an icon of Shanghai and China, with its clear and elegant form and revolutionary structural design.

See all Featured Tall Buildings Globally

About LERA

LERA is a MBE/WBE consulting engineering firm providing structural engineering design services for architects, developers, contractors and owners.

As structural engineers, they focus on providing their clients with imaginative and responsible solutions to engineering challenges. Their staff of experts is known for its innovative use of materials and for the development of new structural systems and concepts.

Their design philosophy recognizes that their work does not exist in a vacuum...that responsiveness to the architectural systems and needs of the owner/developer, combined with an understanding of fabrication and construction, is essential to the development of constructible and economical designs.

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LERA Connected Global News

Supertall Debuts at New York’s World Trade Center Complex

Supertall Debuts at New York’s World Trade Center Complex

11 Jun 2018, New York – The fourth of five buildings in the new World Trade Center complex has opened. The 69-…

Top Floors of Kuala Lumpur's Merdeka PNB118 to House Upscale Hotel

Top Floors of Kuala Lumpur's Merdeka PNB118 to House Upscale Hotel

6 Mar 2018, Kuala Lumpur – An upscale hotel chain will occupy the top 17 floors of the 118-story Merdeka…

Norwegian Design Firm To Overhaul New York City’s Iconic AT&T Building

Norwegian Design Firm To Overhaul New York City’s Iconic AT&T Building

6 Nov 2017, New York City – A Norwegian design firm has released plans to overhaul the base of Philip Johnson’…

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LERA Connected Global News

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Supertall Debuts at New York’s World Trade Center Complex
11 Jun 2018 – New York, United States
The fourth of five buildings in the new World Trade Center complex has opened. The 69-story tower is currently the fifth-tallest building in New York City, rising to a…
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Top Floors of Kuala Lumpur's Merdeka PNB118 to House Upscale Hotel
6 Mar 2018 – Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
An upscale hotel chain will occupy the top 17 floors of the 118-story Merdeka PNB118, which is currently under construction in Kuala Lumpur. The building is on track to…
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Norwegian Design Firm To Overhaul New York City’s Iconic AT&T Building
6 Nov 2017 – New York City, United States
A Norwegian design firm has released plans to overhaul the base of Philip Johnson’s iconic AT&T Building with a massive undulating glass façade, which will override the…
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Russian Developer Planning Hermitage Plaza Complex in La Défense
7 Apr 2017 – Courbevoie, France
Residents of a number of houses in Courbevoie, outside of Paris, have granted permission to a Russian developer to demolish their homes and start the construction of two…
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CTBUH Certifies Completion of Lotte World Tower as Fifth Tallest Building Worldwide
4 Apr 2017 – Seoul, South Korea
Lotte World Tower in Seoul, South Korea is now the fifth tallest building in the world, having completed according to criteria established by the Council on Tall…
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French Presidential Candidate Promotes Skyscraper Construction in La Défense
28 Feb 2017 – Paris, France
Seven proposed La Défense skyscrapers are being promoted as part of an attempt to woo businesses from post-Brexit London. They were promoted by French presidential…
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Concert Planned at Seoul’s Lotte World Tower for Construction Workers
25 Aug 2016 – Seoul, South Korea
As construction winds town on Lotte World Tower in Seoul, a music concert has been planned to thank construction workers for their hard work on the tower and celebrate…
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Seoul’s Lotte World Tower to Complete as Scheduled
3 Aug 2016 – Seoul, South Korea
The developer behind South Korea’s future tallest building has refuted mounting claims that its Lotte World Tower, currently under construction in Seoul, will not be able…
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Twin Zhejiang Gate Towers to Start Construction in Hangzhou
16 Jun 2016 – Hangzhou, China
Initial site work is underway on a pair of sustainable, mixed-use towers in Hangzhou, China. The Zhejiang Gate Towers will rise to heights of 282 meters, featuring a…
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One in Two South Koreans Visited Seoul's Lotte World Tower in the Last Year
15 Oct 2015 – Seoul, South Korea
Nearly one in every two South Koreans have visited the controversial Lotte World Tower being built by conglomerate Lotte Group since its phased opening a year ago,…
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Pei Cobb Freed & Partners’ Latest Skyscraper Destined for Shenzhen
13 Aug 2015 – Shenzhen, China
Designs have been revealed for a new high-rise building in Shenzhen. The Minmetals Capital South Tower will rise 29 stories among a host of other glazed high-rise offices…
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New Megatall Skyscraper Planned for Kuala Lumpur
29 Jun 2015 – Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
The Kuala Lumpur skyline is expected to transform dramatically with the addition of the 110-story, 608-meter Tradewinds Square, a new megatall skyscraper approved to be…
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Lotte World Tower to Use GNSS Technology for High-Accuracy Construction
27 May 2015 – Seoul, South Korea
Lotte World Tower, which is currently under construction in Seoul, South Korea, will become the nation’s first building to use Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS)…
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Construction Surpasses 100th Story in Seoul’s Lotte World Tower
31 Mar 2015 – Seoul, South Korea
Construction has reached the 100th floor on Lotte World Tower, surpassing the height of 414 meters four years after it began construction in 2011. A ceremony was held by…
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$80 Million Worth of Mumbai High-Rise Flats Sold in Nine Days
11 Dec 2014 – Mumbai, India
Registered bookings have been made to the tune of over Rs 500 crore (US $80 million) for an ultra-luxurious residential project in Mumbai, three years after it was…
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Foundation Work for Kuala Lumpur's KL118 to be Completed in 2015
1 Dec 2014 – Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
The developer expects foundation and piling works on the KL118 Tower, formerly known as Menara Warisan Merdeka, to be completed by the third quarter of 2015. The tower…
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Proposed Tallest Building in Malaysia Begins Construction
18 Mar 2014 – Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
The long-anticipated Warisan Merdeka, which may oust the Petronas Towers as the tallest building in Malaysia, is set to begin construction, with Pintaras Jaya…
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Shanghai Tower Plans to Hire Leasing Agent
8 Jan 2014 – Shanghai, China
The state-owned developer of Shanghai Tower, China’s next tallest building, is hiring a leasing agent to sell space in the building, a highly unusual move in China,…
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Four World Trade to Open Soon
12 Nov 2013 – New York City, United States
Four World Trade Center, designed by Pritzker Prize-winner Fumihiko Maki, will be the first building at the Ground zero site to open. The ribbon-cutting for Four World…
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Plans Unveiled for UN Office Tower
20 Sep 2013 – New York City, United States
Plans have been unveiled for a United Nations skyscraper designed by Pritzker Prize-winner Fumihiko Maki. The tower was designed to consolidate the UN's scattered…
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Parisian Skyscraper Pair May Move Forward
18 Sep 2013 – Paris, France
Russian developer Hermitage seems to be moving forward with its long-stalled Hermitage Plaza in the La Defense district of Paris. The €3 billion (US$4 billion) complex…
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Major Tenant for 3WTC Means Construction Can Continue
10 Jul 2013 – New York City, United States
Developer Larry Silverstein is on the verge of landing another major tenant, one that will allow his company to complete construction of the Three World Trade Center…
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One World Trade Center Tops Out
10 May 2013 – New York City, United States
The final crowning piece has been attached to the roof of One World Trade Center in New York, bringing to a symbolic close a decade-plus process of politics, healing,…
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Beacon Rises on One World Trade Center
2 May 2013 – New York City, United States
Today crews are installing the final two sections of the One World Trade Center's 408-foot (124-meter) crowning structure, wihch will bring it to its final architectural…
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Sony Tower Sells for ‘Aggressive’ Price
22 Jan 2013 – New York City, United States
New York's post-modernist Sony Tower, formerly owned by AT&T, has been sold to Joseph Chetrit, a real estate developer who plans to convert the building into a luxury…
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Paris Development Making Progress
5 Nov 2012 – Paris, France
Plans to build two of Europe’s tallest towers in a Paris suburb are moving forward, despite community protests. The Russian developer expects to have financing in place…
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Advertisers Consider Moving into 3WTC
4 Oct 2012 – New York City, United States
GroupM, an advertising and media company, is reportedly in preliminary negotiations with developer Silverstein to become anchor tenant of Three World Trade Center. The…

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LERA at CTBUH

CTBUH Certifies Lotte Tower as Fifth Tallest Building Worldwide

4 Apr 2017, CTBUH-Related News – CTBUH has recognized the completion of Lotte World Tower, now the…

NYC YPC Continues Future of Construction Series

19 Jan 2017, Event Report – CTBUH New York Chapter, with the YPC and Akdo, hosted the second part in the Future…

CTBUH 2016 Conference Silver Sponsor

16-21 Oct 2016, Conference Sponsor – Cities to Megacities: Shaping Dense Vertical Urbanism takes place…

LERA at CTBUH

CTBUH Certifies Lotte Tower as Fifth Tallest Building Worldwide
4 Apr 2017, Seoul – CTBUH-Related News
CTBUH has recognized the completion of Lotte World Tower, now the fifth tallest building worldwide at 555 meters.
NYC YPC Continues Future of Construction Series
19 Jan 2017, New York City – Event Report
CTBUH New York Chapter, with the YPC and Akdo, hosted the second part in the Future of Construction lecture series, titled “Moving Parts: Modular Architecture in a Flat World.”
CTBUH 2016 Conference Silver Sponsor
16-21 Oct 2016 – Conference Sponsor
Cities to Megacities: Shaping Dense Vertical Urbanism takes place progressively across three Chinese cities: Shenzhen, Guangzhou, and Hong Kong.
Top Company Rankings: The World’s 100 Tallest Buildings
13 Oct 2016, Chicago – CTBUH Research
The Council is pleased to announce the Top Company Rankings for numerous disciplines as derived from the list of projects appearing in 100 of the World’s Tallest Buildings.
Aspect: Ratios
3 May 2016, New York City – Event Report
The CTBUH NYC Young Professionals Committee welcomed over 150 design professionals for ASPECT:RATIOS, a seminar focusing on female perspectives in architecture.
CTBUH 2015 New York Conference Silver Sponsor
26-30 Oct 2015, New York City – Conference Sponsor
After a post-recession hiatus in tall building construction in many countries lasting several years, numerous cities are again resurgent.
Lotte Jamsil Super Tower Tour Report
11 Oct 2011, Seoul – Tour Report
A tour was hosted at the Lotte Jamsil Super Tower construction site that was abuzz with the activity of trucks and cranes.

See more LERA related initiatives

Leslie Robertson

Leslie Robertson

CTBUH Chairman, 1985 – 1990
New York City, United States

Richard Garlock

Richard Garlock

CTBUH Journal
New York City, United States

Alfonso Oliva

Alfonso Oliva

CTBUH Journal
New York City, United States

CTBUH Leaders at LERA

Leslie Robertson

Leslie Robertson

CTBUH Chairman, 1985 – 1990
New York City, United States

Richard Garlock

Richard Garlock

CTBUH Journal
New York City, United States

Alfonso Oliva

Alfonso Oliva

CTBUH Journal
New York City, United States

Nidhi Sekhar

Nidhi Sekhar

CTBUH Journal
New York City, United States

Mia Tsiamis

Mia Tsiamis

CTBUH Journal
New York City, United States

Daniel Sesil

Daniel Sesil

CTBUH Awards Jury, 2008
New York City, United States

SawTeen See

SawTeen See

CTBUH Awards Jury, 2016
New York City, United States

Winnie Kwan

Winnie Kwan

CTBUH Annual Conference, Presenter, 2016
Hong Kong, China

Sami S. Matar

Sami S. Matar

CTBUH IJHRB Research Journal, 2017
New York City, United States

See all CTBUH Leaders at LERA

CTBUH Resources Involving LERA

Structural Design Challenges of Minmetals Capital Tower, Shenzhen

17 Oct 2016 – CTBUH 2016 China Conference
SawTeen See, Leslie E. Robertson Associates

CTBUH Video Interview – SawTeen See

17 Oct 2016 – 2016 China Conference Interviews
SawTeen See, Leslie E. Robertson Associates

Structural & Geotechnic Engineering Q&A

17 Oct 2016 – CTBUH 2016 China Conference
William O'Donnell, DeSimone Consulting Engineers; Dennis Poon, Thornton Tomasetti; SawTeen Seen, Leslie E. Robertson Associates

See all LERA connected videos

Embossed Structural Skin for Tall Buildings

Mar 2018 – International Journal of High-Rise Buildings Volume 7 Number 1
Jin Young Song, Department of Architecture, University at Buffalo,The State University of New York; Donghun Lee, LERA Consulting Structural Engineers; James Erickson, Arizona State University et al.

ASPECT: RATIOS – Voices of Women In the Tall Building World

8 Aug 2017 – CTBUH Journal, 2017 Issue III
Ilkay Can-Standard, GenX Design & Technology; Martina Dolejsova, Studio Libeskind

Frontiers in High-Rise Outrigger Design

8 Aug 2017 – CTBUH Journal, 2017 Issue III
Hi sun Choi & Leonard M. Joseph, Thornton Tomasetti; SawTeen See, Leslie E. Robertson Associates; Rupa Garai, Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP

See all papers/research involving LERA

Videos

Structural Design Challenges of Minmetals Capital Tower, Shenzhen
17 Oct 2016 – Presentation at CTBUH 2016 China Conference; SawTeen See, Leslie E. Robertson Associates
Steel braced frames combined with a concrete services core are widely used in tall building design. To meet the special architectural design challenges in the Minmetals Capital South China Tower in Shenzhen, such as the large, column-free spaces at…
CTBUH Video Interview – SawTeen See
17 Oct 2016 – 2016 China Conference Interviews; SawTeen See, Leslie E. Robertson Associates
SawTeen See of Leslie E. Robinson Associates is interviewed by Chris Bentley during the 2016 CTBUH China Conference. SawTeen discusses the design process of structural engineering, the standardization of building codes and the aesthetics of…
Structural & Geotechnic Engineering Q&A
17 Oct 2016 – Presentation at CTBUH 2016 China Conference; William O'Donnell, DeSimone Consulting Engineers; Dennis Poon, Thornton Tomasetti; SawTeen Seen, Leslie E. Robertson Associates
Monday, October 17, 2016. Shenzhen, China. William O'Donnell, DeSimone Consulting Engineers; Dennis Poon, Thornton Tomasetti; SawTeen Seen, Leslie E. Robertson Associates, answer questions at the end of the 2016 China Conference Session Session 4c:…
A Super High Rise in Seoul
Oct 2011 – Presentation at CTBUH 2011 Seoul Conference; Leslie E. Robertson & Saw Teen See, Leslie E. Robertson Associates
When completed, the Lotte Jamsil Super Tower, at 555-meter, will be the tallest building in Seoul. The mat foundation is completed, and the tower construction is on-going. This presentation focuses on the wind engineering studies and on the mega-…
Seoul Conference 2011 Track Session 18: Q&A
Oct 2011 – Presentation at CTBUH 2011 Seoul Conference; Ji Young Kim, Daewoo E&C; Mark Sarkisian, SOM; Leslie Robertson & Saw Teen See, Leslie E. Robertson Associates; James Von Klemperer, Kohn Pedersen Fox David Paul McLean, Lotte Engineering & Construction; Charles D. Clift, Curtain Wall Design and Consulting; Jungmyon Francis Lee, BAUM Architects
Question & Answers session for Track Session 18.
Iconic, Luxurious, Supertall, Safe, Sustainable (and Conventional)
Oct 2011 – Presentation at CTBUH 2011 Seoul Conference; Jay L. Berman, Pei Cobb Freed & Partners; William J. Faschan, Leslie E. Robertson Associates
Prior to 2009, high-rise residential towers in Mumbai mostly comprised the extrusion of mid-rise typologies to their maximum limit at approximately 50-55 storeys. Planning an iconic residential tower twice that height has involved reinvention of the…
Seoul Conference 2011 Track Session 08: Q&A
Oct 2011 – Presentation at CTBUH 2011 Seoul Conference; Sabah Al-Rayes, PACE; Hyo Seon Park, Yonsei University; Rhys Williams, Honeywell; ; Ahmad Abdelrazaq, Samsung C&T; Peter Weismantle, Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture; Jey Berman, Pei Cobb Freed & Partners Architects; William Faschan, Leslie E. Robertson Associates
Question & Answers session for Track Session 08.
Shanghai World Financial Center: Without Compromise……
5 Mar 2008 – Presentation at CTBUH 2008 8th World Congress, Dubai; David Malott, KPF; Leslie Robertson, Leslie E. Robertson Associates
David Malott, KPF and Leslie Robertson, LERA, presented the Shanghai World Financial Center located in the Lujiazui district of Pudong. The focus of this presentation at the CTBUH 8th World Congress was to highlight the collaboration between…
Plenary 3 Panel Questions and Answers
5 Mar 2008 – Presentation at CTBUH 2008 8th World Congress, Dubai; David Malott, KPF; Leslie Robertson, LERA; Ken Dalton, AECOM / Faber Maunsell; Ole Scheeren, OMA
The panel of Plenary Session 3, David Malott, Leslie Robertson, Ken Dalton and Ole Scheeren, enthusiastically responded to questions from the CTBUH 8th World Congress audience.
CTBUH 6th Annual Awards
25 Oct 2007 – Awards Symposium & Dinner Videos; Dinner 2007
The CTBUH 6th Annual Awards Dinner, set within the atmospheric setting of Mies van der Rohe’s iconic Crown Hall at the Illinois Institute of Technology, celebrated the remarkable achievements of a number of distinguished individuals and project teams…

Papers/Research

Embossed Structural Skin for Tall Buildings
Mar 2018 – International Journal of High-Rise Buildings Volume 7 Number 1; Jin Young Song, Department of Architecture, University at Buffalo,The State University of New York; Donghun Lee, LERA Consulting Structural Engineers; James Erickson, Arizona State University et al.
This paper explores the function of a structural skin with an embossed surface applicable to use for tall building structures. The major diagrid system with a secondary embossed surface structure provides an enhanced perimeter structural system by…
ASPECT: RATIOS – Voices of Women In the Tall Building World
8 Aug 2017 – CTBUH Journal, 2017 Issue III; Ilkay Can-Standard, GenX Design & Technology; Martina Dolejsova, Studio Libeskind
ASPECT: RATIOS is the outgrowth of a program developed by the CTBUH Young Professionals Committee in New York, beginning in 2016. The purpose of the lecture series, and of this special edition, is to showcase some of the exemplary work done by women…
Frontiers in High-Rise Outrigger Design
8 Aug 2017 – CTBUH Journal, 2017 Issue III; Hi sun Choi & Leonard M. Joseph, Thornton Tomasetti; SawTeen See, Leslie E. Robertson Associates; Rupa Garai, Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP
In 2012, CTBUH published the first Outrigger Design for High-Rise Buildings Technical Guide. In 2016, the CTBUH Outrigger Working Group felt it would be beneficial to update the design guide with variations of outrigger systems and tall building…
Ten Significant Tall Buildings, and the Significant Women Behind Them
8 Aug 2017 – CTBUH Journal, 2017 Issue III; Leading Women in Tall Buildings
Recently, there has been a growing and overdue recognition in the architecture discipline that women are under-represented, not just in terms of leadership positions held, but also in terms of receiving credit for the work they have done. The tall…
Software to Solve Structural Engineering Issues
20 Apr 2017 – CTBUH Journal, 2017 Issue II; Alfonso Oliva, Richard B. Garlock, Nidhi Sekhar & Mia Tsiamis, Leslie E. Robertson Associates
The ability of architectural graphical software to generate infinitely complex geometrical solutions for building design calls for an equally concerted effort to provide rational structural solutions. This paper presents the example of the design of…
A Structural Engineer’s Approach to Differential Vertical Shortening in Tall Buildings
Mar 2017 – International Journal of High-Rise Buildings Volume 6 Number 1; Sami S. Matar & William J. Faschan, Leslie E. Robertson Associates
Vertical shortening in tall buildings would be of little concern if all vertical elements shortened evenly. However, vertical elements such as walls and columns may shorten different amounts due to different service axial stress levels. With height,…
Structural Design Challenges of Minmetals Capital Tower, Shenzhen
17 Oct 2016 – Cities to Megacities: Shaping Dense Vertical Urbanism; SawTeen See, Zhaohui Ding, Edward Roberts & Ma Ge, Leslie E. Robertson Associates
Steel braced frames combined with a concrete services core are widely used in tall building design. To meet the special architectural design challenges in the Minmetals Capital South China Tower in Shenzhen, such as the large, column-free spaces at…
KL118 Case Study: Analysis of Different Bore Pile Testing Methods
17 Oct 2016 – Cities to Megacities: Shaping Dense Vertical Urbanism; Peter Ramstedt, Chien Jou Chen, Matthew Hennessy & David Terenzio, Turner International LLC
In the construction of tall towers a variety of pile testing methodologies are used. Piles can be tested for many purposes including the optimization of pile design, operational verification, and quality assurance of completed piles or perhaps for…
Securing the Vibrant Future of our Cities: Decision Making Principles for Aspirational Projects
26 Oct 2015 – Global Interchanges: Resurgence of the Skyscraper City; Matthew Melrose, Daniel Sesil & Michael Hopper, P.E., Leslie E. Robertson Associates
There is a tension between aspirations and risks in the development and delivery of any building project. Columbia University Medical and Graduate Education Building (CUMGEB) was designed to revitalize Columbia’s Washington Heights campus by creating…
Next Tokyo 2045: A Mile-High Tower Rooted in Intersecting Ecologies
May 2015 – CTBUH Journal, 2015 Issue II; David Malott, Keisuke Hiei & Heidi Werner, KPF; Leslie E. Robertson, LERA
“Next Tokyo” imagines a resurgent megacity, adapted to climate change through the realization of a high-density ecodistrict built on resilient infrastructure. The archipelago of reclaimed land supports transit-oriented development for a half-million…
Wider Impacts: Tall Buildings as a Viable Proposition
2 Oct 2011 – CTBUH Journal, 2011 Issue III; Leslie E. Robertson, LERA; William Baker, SOM; Eugene Kohn, KPF
Three leading designers in the tall building industry share their take on the changes to the tall building industry and the impact of 9/11 on their design.
Case Study: Shanghai World Financial Center
Apr 2008 – CTBUH Journal, 2008 Issue II; Paul Katz, KPF; Leslie E. Robertson, Leslie E. Robertson Associates
From the onset of the Shanghai World Financial Center project, its developers targeted a cutting-edge, mixed use mega-complex that would serve a multitude of tenant lifestyle demands. When a desire to change the building size surfaced after the…
Shanghai World Financial Center: Without Compromise……
Mar 2008 – CTBUH 2008 8th World Congress, Dubai; Paul Katz, KPF; Leslie Robertson & SawTeen See, Leslie E. Robertson Associates
Shanghai World Financial Center is located in the Lujiazui district of Pudong, the Shanghai World Financial Center combines creative architecture and structural engineering to create a mixed-use building 492 meters in height. It will be recognized by…

LERA Tall Building Facts

150m+ Buildings 20 Completed7 Under Constr.
300m+ Buildings 3 Completed3 Under Constr.
Average Building Age 21 Years
Most Common Function office, 17 Buildings
Most Common Material Composite, 9 Buildings
Building Functions
 
Building Materials
 

All building-related facts are for 150m+ buildings currently in the database.

Tall Buildings Involving LERA