Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat

About Tongji University

Tongji University is one of the leading universities in China underdirect administration of Ministry of Education, listed on “Project 985” and “Project 211”. With a history of over a century, Tongji has valued the balanced development of four functions, i.e. education, research, outreach, and culture inheritance and innovation.

Following a nationwide campaign of restructuring universities in 1952, Tongji became an engineering-intensive university with top-notch strength in civil engineering and architecture, which is second to none in terms of scale and number of disciplines. Since 1978, “two transforms” were launched, namely, the transforming to an international university by restoring links to Germany, and the transforming from a university focusing mainly on civil engineering to multi-disciplinary engineering university.

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Tongji University at CTBUH

CTBUH Shanghai YPC Holds Inaugural Meeting

3 Aug 2017, Event Report – On August 3, the CTBUH Shanghai Young Professionals Committee (YPC) held its first…

CTBUH China Symposium on Tall Building Performance + Book Launch

2 Aug 2017, Event Report – CTBUH China and Tongji University Press held a symposium on tall building…

2016 China-Japan-Korea Tall Building Forum

8 Jul 2016, Event – The third China-Japan-Korea Tall Building Forum was held at the Tokyo Institute of…

Tongji University at CTBUH

CTBUH Shanghai YPC Holds Inaugural Meeting
3 Aug 2017, Shanghai – Event Report
On August 3, the CTBUH Shanghai Young Professionals Committee (YPC) held its first board meeting at the Shanghai office of Gensler.
CTBUH China Symposium on Tall Building Performance + Book Launch
2 Aug 2017, Shanghai – Event Report
CTBUH China and Tongji University Press held a symposium on tall building performance on August 2, 2017, followed by a book launch.
2016 China-Japan-Korea Tall Building Forum
8 Jul 2016, Tokyo – Event
The third China-Japan-Korea Tall Building Forum was held at the Tokyo Institute of Technology, on the topic of "Innovative Motion Engineering in Tall Buildings."
TJAD Hosts CTBUH China for Year in Review Event
3 Mar 2016, Shanghai – Event Report
CTBUH China’s first 2016 event was a look back at a record-setting 2015, from the perspective of the country that contributed the greatest number of tall buildings 200 meters or higher.
2015–2016 Design Research Studio Final Reviews
15 Jan 2016, Shanghai – Event Report
Tongji students in the collaborative design studio, “Network Reshaping Downtown: Transit-Oriented Mega-Development,”presented their final designs.
2015–2016 Design Research Studio Kicked Off in Miami
16-21 Nov 2015, Miami – Tour Report
“Network Reshaping Downtown,” a collaborative design studio undertaken by Tongji University with support from CTBUH, kicked off with a visit to Miami.
CTBUH, Tongji Press Sign Two More Publishing Agreements
18 Sep 2015, Shanghai – Event Report
Zhi Wenjun, TJUP, and Daniel Safarik, CTBUH, recently signed an agreement covering several publications, including a Chinese language version of the CTBUH Journal.
CTBUH, Tongji Press Sign Publishing Agreement
16 Jul 2015, Shanghai – CTBUH News
CTBUH signed the first of several planned publishing contracts with Tongji University Press for the book related to the 2016 International Conference.
CTBUH China Office Kicks Off
18 Mar 2015, Shanghai – Event Report
The CTBUH China Office / Asia Headquarters officially launched at CAUP at Tongji University with the inaugural board meeting and a reception
“Network-3D” High-Rise Design Studio Culminates in Shanghai
18 Jan 2015, Shanghai – Event Report
Final reviews concluded of a semester of intense work for the “Network-3D" studio undertaken by Tongji University students with support from CTBUH and KPF.
2014-2015 Design Research Studio Kicked Off in New York
14-17 Nov 2014, New York City – Tour Report
Tongji University students took a week-long visit to New York City, which included design workshops at KPF, site studies, and tall building tours.
Asia Headquarters Office Opening This Summer
Aug 2014, Shanghai – CTBUH News
The CTBUH will establish its physical CTBUH Asia Headquarters Office within the College of Architecture and Urban Planning (CAUP) at Tongji University.
CTBUH Well Represented at China-Japan-Korea Tall Building Forum
18 Jul 2014, Shanghai – Event
CTBUH’s Japan and Korea chapters, along with Tongji University organized the 2014 China-Japan-Korea Tall Building Forum on July 18th.
Towards Zero Carbon Final Review
9 Jan 2014, Shanghai – Event Report
The final review marked the culmination of a semester of intense work for the students and tutors involved in the “Towards Zero Carbon,” a design studio undertaken by Tongji University.
Tongji University Faculty and Students Visit Chicago
Nov 2013, Chicago – Tour Report
“Towards Zero Carbon,” a collaborative design studio between Tongji University, CTBUH and the Illinois Institute of Technology, made a week-long visit to Chicago in November.
Tongji University Hosts CTBUH Lecture
15 Oct 2013, Shanghai – Event Report
CTBUH Executive Director Antony Wood delivered a lecture to approximately 120 people at Tongji University, the CTBUH’s partner institution in China.
International Journal of High-Rise Buildings Vol. 2 No. 2
Jun 2013, Seoul – CTBUH Publication
The International Journal of High-Rise Buildings, Volume 2: Number 2 includes 9 papers focusing on pure research content and investigations in tall building design.
International Journal of High-Rise Buildings Vol. 2 No. 1
Mar 2013, Seoul – CTBUH Publication
The International Journal of High-Rise Buildings, Volume 2: Number 1 includes 8 papers focusing on pure research content and investigations in tall building design.
International Journal of High-Rise Buildings Vol. 1 No. 3
Sep 2012, Shanghai – CTBUH Publication
The International Journal of High-Rise Buildings, Volume 1: Number 3 includes 10 papers focusing on pure research content and investigations in tall building design.
Shanghai Expo and Meetings Report
May 2010, Shanghai – Tour Report
Executive Director Antony Wood visited China to attend and speak at the Shanghai Expo. While in China, the foundation was set for the CTBUH 9th World Congress.

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Antony Wood

Antony Wood

CTBUH Board of Trustees, 2008 – Present
Chicago, United States

Changfu Wu

Changfu Wu

CTBUH China Office Board, 2015 – Present
Shanghai, China

Zhendong Wang

Zhendong Wang

CTBUH Staff, China Office, 2015 – Present
Shanghai, China

CTBUH Leaders at Tongji University

Antony Wood

Antony Wood

CTBUH Board of Trustees, 2008 – Present
Chicago, United States

Changfu Wu

Changfu Wu

CTBUH China Office Board, 2015 – Present
Shanghai, China

Zhendong Wang

Zhendong Wang

CTBUH Staff, China Office, 2015 – Present
Shanghai, China

Guo-Qiang Li

Guo-Qiang Li

CTBUH Country Representative, 2009 – 2014
Shanghai, China

Shiling Zheng

Shiling Zheng

CTBUH Conference, Co-Chair, 2014
Shanghai, China

Jiliang Chen

Jiliang Chen

CTBUH Conference, Speaker, 2014
Shanghai, China

Yiru Huang

Yiru Huang

CTBUH Conference, Speaker, 2014
Shanghai, China

Bin Zhao

Bin Zhao

CTBUH Conference, Speaker, 2014
Shanghai, China

Dean Zhenyu Li

Dean Zhenyu Li

CTBUH Conference, Session Chair, 2014

Yushu Liu

Yushu Liu

CTBUH Conference, Session Chair, 2012
Shanghai, China

Le Sun

Le Sun

CTBUH IJHRB Research Journal, 2016
Shanghai, China

Leiqing Xu

Leiqing Xu

CTBUH IJHRB Research Journal, 2016
Shanghai, China

Feng Yang

Feng Yang

CTBUH IJHRB Research Journal, 2016
Shanghai, China

Lingzhu Zhang

Lingzhu Zhang

CTBUH IJHRB Research Journal, 2016
Shanghai, China

Linxue Li

Linxue Li

CTBUH Academic Collaborator, 2013
Shanghai, China

Zhenyu Xie

Zhenyu Xie

CTBUH Academic Collaborator, 2014
Shanghai, China

See all CTBUH Leaders at Tongji University

CTBUH Resources Involving Tongji University

From Utopia To Reality: Group-Form Megastructure

17 Sep 2014 – CTBUH 2014 Shanghai Conference
Yiru Huang, Tongji University

2014 Shanghai International Conference - Session 04 - Q & A

17 Sep 2014 – CTBUH 2014 Shanghai Conference
Panel Questions & Answers

Performance-Based Seismic Design: International Practices

21 Sep 2012 – CTBUH 2012 9th World Congress, Shanghai
Guo-Qiang Li, Tongji University

See all Tongji University connected videos

An Analytical Approach to Measuring the Degree of Urbanity of Urban Building Complexes

Jun 2017 – International Journal of High-Rise Buildings Volume 6 Number 2
Shuchen Xu, Yu Ye & Leiqing Xu, Tongji University

Indoor Environmental Quality Improving and Energy Saving Potential of Phase-Change Material Integrated Facades

Jun 2017 – International Journal of High-Rise Buildings Volume 6 Number 2
Qian Jin, Tongji University

Foundation Differential Settlement Included Time-dependent Elevation Control for Supertall Structures

1 Mar 2017 – International Journal of High-Rise Buildings Volume 6 Number 1
Xin Zhao, Tongji University; Shehong Liu, Tongji Architectural Design (Group) Co., Ltd.

See all papers/research involving Tongji University

Videos

From Utopia To Reality: Group-Form Megastructure
17 Sep 2014 – Presentation at CTBUH 2014 Shanghai Conference; Yiru Huang, Tongji University
In the evolution of mega structure, the ideas mainly remain as utopian rather than putting the research into practice. In the present time which mega is becoming a reality, exploration of design issues towards practical application is needed. Based…
2014 Shanghai International Conference - Session 04 - Q & A
17 Sep 2014 – Presentation at CTBUH 2014 Shanghai Conference; Panel Questions & Answers
2014 Shanghai International Conference Session 04 Questions & Answers session with speakers Bin Niu, ECADI, Enfang Liu, ISA Architecture, and Yiru Huang, Tongji University.
Performance-Based Seismic Design: International Practices
21 Sep 2012 – Presentation at CTBUH 2012 9th World Congress, Shanghai; Guo-Qiang Li, Tongji University
A fundamental understanding of performance-based seismic design of building structures is extremely important. This presentation provides an overview of the developmental history of performance-based seismic design in several countries, as well as…
Seoul Conference 2011 Track Session 21: Q&A
Oct 2011 – Presentation at CTBUH 2011 Seoul Conference; Feifei Sun, Tongji University; Peter de Jong, Delft University of Technology; Nicholas Holt, SOM;; Harry Poulos, Coffey Geotechnics; Hatice Sozer, Energy Institute, Istanbul Technical University; Kevin Peddie, Windtech Consultants; Hiroatsu Fukuda, The University of Kitakyushu
Question & Answers session for Track Session 21.
Seismic Performance of Core-outrigger Structure with Fuses
Oct 2011 – Presentation at CTBUH 2011 Seoul Conference; Feifei Sun, Tongji University
In this presentation, a newly-conceived energy dissipation system for the core-outrigger structure system is investigated. Buckling-restrained column (BRC) is equipped between the outrigger and perimeter frame columns. In this system, BRC acts as…

Papers/Research

An Analytical Approach to Measuring the Degree of Urbanity of Urban Building Complexes
Jun 2017 – International Journal of High-Rise Buildings Volume 6 Number 2; Shuchen Xu, Yu Ye & Leiqing Xu, Tongji University
The importance of designing urban building complexes so that they obtain ‘urban’ power, rather than become isolated from the surrounding urban context, has been well recognized by both researchers and practitioners. Nevertheless, most current…
Indoor Environmental Quality Improving and Energy Saving Potential of Phase-Change Material Integrated Facades
Jun 2017 – International Journal of High-Rise Buildings Volume 6 Number 2; Qian Jin, Tongji University
The conflict between indoor environmental quality and energy consumption has become an unneglectable problem for highrise office buildings, where occupants’ productivity is highly affected by their working environment. An effective façade, therefore…
Foundation Differential Settlement Included Time-dependent Elevation Control for Supertall Structures
1 Mar 2017 – International Journal of High-Rise Buildings Volume 6 Number 1; Xin Zhao, Tongji University; Shehong Liu, Tongji Architectural Design (Group) Co., Ltd.
Due to the time-dependent properties of materials, structures, and loads, accurate time-dependent effects analysis and precise construction controls are very significant for rational analysis and design and saving project cost. Elevation control is…
Mixed-Use Supertall Building as the Approach to Shaping Dense Vertical Urbanism
17 Oct 2016 – Cities to Megacities: Shaping Dense Vertical Urbanism; Zhendong Wang & Jing Cui, Tongji University
In the pursuit of denser, more concentrated sustainable cities which reduce the loss of open space and energy-intensive transport and infrastructure networks, tall buildings have an opportunity to reinvent themselves as the typology for a sustainable…
High-Rise Urban Form and Environmental Performance - An Overview on Integrated Approaches to Urban Design
Jun 2016 – International Journal of High-Rise Buildings Volume 5 Number 2; Feng Yang, Tongji University
High-rise as a building typology is gaining popularity in Asian mega-cities, due to its advantages in increasing volumetric density with limited land resources. Numerous factors contribute to the formation of high-rise urban form, from economical and…
Pedestrian Distribution in High-Rise Commercial Complexes
Jun 2016 – International Journal of High-Rise Buildings Volume 5 Number 2; Leiqing Xu, Tongji University; Zhengwei Xia, Changzhou Institute of Technology
One of the key problems in the design of high-rise commercial complex is how to guide reasonable pedestrian distribution in commercial space. In this study, pedestrian distribution in three high-rise commercial complexes in Shanghai and Hong Kong was…
Exploring Synergistic Effect in Metro Station Areas: A Case Study of Shanghai, China
Jun 2016 – International Journal of High-Rise Buildings Volume 5 Number 2; Yu Zhuang & Lingzhu Zhang, Tongji University
In the process of exploring sustainable development, major cities in China are expanding metro systems as a strategy to reduce the negative environmental and social consequences of fast-paced motorization. A metro station is not only a transportation…
Research on the Effect of High-Rise Commercial Building Construction on Land Value of Shanghai in the 1920s
Jun 2016 – International Journal of High-Rise Buildings Volume 5 Number 2; Le Sun, Tongji University
When the tall office building first appeared in the street of Chicago in the end of Nineteenth Century, this building type has become a commodity in the development of real estate and been defined as a machine that makes the land pay. With the…
Numerical Simulation of Temperature Gradients for the Mass Concrete Foundation Slab of Shanghai Tower
Dec 2015 – International Journal of High-Rise Buildings Volume 4 Number 4; Jian Gong & Xiaoping Wu, Shanghai Construction Group; Weijiu Cui & Yong Yuan, Tongji University
Crack control remains a primary concern for mass concrete structures, where the majority of cracking is caused by temperature changes during the hydration process. One-time pouring is a useful construction method for mass concrete structures. The…
Performance Based Optimal Design for Supertall Building Structures – A Life Cycle Methodology
26 Oct 2015 – Global Interchanges: Resurgence of the Skyscraper City; Xin Zhao & Shehong Liu, Tongji University
The traditional design method for super tall building structures simply omits the different structural states during the construction stage, and assumes that after the construction stage, there is only one structural state across the whole service…
Tall Buildings as Extensions Of Urban Infrastructure and Vitality
Oct 2015 – CTBUH Journal, 2015 Issue IV; Peng Du, CTBUH; Zhendong Wang, Tongji University; Elie Gamburg, KPF
This paper reviews the 2014 Network 3D High-Rise Design Studio, which was undertaken by the College of Architecture and Urban Planning (CAUP), Tongji University, with assistance from the CTBUH and Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates (KPF). The project site…
Typological Evolution of High-Rise Buildings in Terms of Thermodynamics and Energy Formation
Jun 2015 – International Journal of High-Rise Buildings Volume 4 Number 2; Linxue Li and Ren Qian, Tongji University; Xiaofei Shen, AECOM
High-rise buildings are frequently criticized for their absolutely artificial environments and high energy consumption. This paper tries to present an alternative approach to, and new prototypes for high-rise buildings through dialectic…
Townscape in a High-rise: Imageability and Accessibility of Vertical Malls in Hong Kong
1 Jun 2015 – International Journal of High-Rise Buildings Volume 4 Number 2; Zheng Tan, Tongji University
The increasing integration of public space and consumerism in Hong Kong has yielded new urban forms. The emergent vertical malls in Hong Kong and other East Asian metropolises have overturned the existing vertical order of the city. This vertical…
Research on Vertical Space System of Mixed-Use Complex
Jun 2015 – International Journal of High-Rise Buildings Volume 4 Number 2; Zhendong Wang and Yinpu Wang, Tongji University
As the predominant mode of vertical urban development in China, mixed-use complexes provide the optimal case for the research of sustainable and vertical urbanism. This paper reviews three typical mixed-use complexes with various vertical space…
Structural Health Monitoring of Shanghai Tower Considering Time-dependent Effects
1 Mar 2015 – International Journal of High-Rise Buildings 2015 Number 1; Qilin Zhang, Bin Yang, Tao Liu & Han Li, Tongji University; and Jia Lv, East China Architectural Design & Research Institute Co.
This paper presents the structural health monitoring (SHM) of Shanghai Tower. In order to provide useful information for safety evaluation and regular maintenance under construction and in-service condition, a comprehensive structural health…
Urban Mega-Structure – Vertical Landscape of Hangzhou Civic Center
16 Sep 2014 – CTBUH 2014 Shanghai Conference Proceedings; Linxue Li & Jie Wu, Tongji University
Based on the design practice of Hangzhou civic center, the paper defines the “Urban Megastructure”, a new typology for the urban high-rise known as super high-rise block, as well as describes strategies in vertical-scape design. By analyzing Hangzhou…
Research on a Vertical Space System of the Mixed-use Complex
16 Sep 2014 – CTBUH 2014 Shanghai Conference Proceedings; Zhendong Wang, Yinpu Wang & Qiang Hu, Tongji University
As the key method and important way to realize the vertical urban development in China, the mixed-use complex becomes the real case for the research of sustainable and vertical urbanism. Based on synergy perspectives, this paper reviews three typical…
From Utopia To Reality: Group-Form Megastructure
16 Sep 2014 – CTBUH 2014 Shanghai Conference Proceedings; Yang Xu & Yiru Huang, Tongji University
In the evolution of mega structure, the ideas mainly remain as utopian rather than putting the research into practice. In the present time which mega is becoming a reality, exploration of design issues towards practical application is needed. Based…
Core Structural Design and Optimization
16 Sep 2014 – Suzhou Zhongnan Center: In Detail; Guangjing Sha, Zhongnan Construction Group Co.; Xin Zhao & Fang Xu, Tongji Architectural Design (Group) Co., Ltd., Ltd.; Tao Shi, Department of Civil Engineering, Tongji University
Due to its excellent lateral stiffness and space flexibility, the megaframe-core wall structure is widely applied in supertall buildings. The efficiency of the central service core is critical for the optimal design of the megaframe-core structure.…
Multi-Constrained Outrigger Optimization
16 Sep 2014 – Suzhou Zhongnan Center: In Detail; Moukui Xu & Muyuan Yang, Zhongnan Construction Group Co., Ltd.; XinZhao, Tongji Architectural Design (Group) Co., Ltd.; Xiang Jiang, Department of Civil Engineering, Tongji University
The outrigger system has been widely employed as an innovative and efficient structural lateral-load resisting system in supertall buildings in recent decades. The optimization of the outrigger system is desirable because it can significantly…
The Chinese Performance-based Code for Fire-resistance of Steel Structures
1 Jun 2013 – International Journal of High-Rise Buildings Volume 2 Number 2; Guo-Qiang Li & Chao Zhang, Tongji University
In the past two decades, researchers from different countries have conducted series of experimental and theoretical studies to investigate the behaviour of structures in fire. Many new insights, data and calculation methods have been reported, which…
Shaking Table Model Test of Shanghai Tower
1 Mar 2013 – International Journal of High-Rise Buildings Volume 2 Number 1; Xilin Lu, Yuanjun Mao, Wensheng Lu & Liping Kang, Tongji University
Shaking table test is an important and useful method to help structural engineers get better knowledge about the seismic performance of the buildings with complex structure, just like Shanghai tower. According to Chinese seismic design guidelines,…
Simplified Algorithm of the Novel Steel-concrete Mixed Structure under Lateral Load
1 Dec 2012 – International Journal of High-Rise Buildings Volume 1 Number 4; Liang Li, Chang’an University; Guo-qiang Li & Yu-shu Liu, Tongji University
In order to improve the seismic behaviors of traditional steel-concrete mixed structure, a novel steel concrete mixed structure consisting of steel frames braced with buckling restrained braces (BRBs) and a concrete tube is proposed. Based on several…
Performance-Based Seismic Design – State of Practice 2012
Sep 2012 – CTBUH 2012 9th World Congress, Shanghai; Ron Klemencic & J. Andrew Fry, MKA; Guo-Qiang Li, Tongji University
A summary and synthesis of the Performance-Based Seismic Design (PBSD) procedures and standards around the world is presented. The summary information draws from the papers written by leading technical experts in PBSD from the various countries…
Supertall Building Pile-Raft Foundation Designs on Soft Soil
Sep 2012 – CTBUH 2012 9th World Congress, Shanghai; Chao Si & Wenhui Jiang, Tongji Architectural Design (Group) Co., Ltd; Yong Cui & Jianlong He, Tongji University
The design improvements and optimizations of super high-rise building pile-raft foundations on soft soil have been made as below: considerations of the impact in the whole construction process on the upper structural system, consideration of combined…
Overview of Performance-Based Seismic Design of Building Structures in China
19 Sep 2012 – CTBUH 2012 9th World Congress, Shanghai; Guo-Qiang Li, Yan-Bin Xu & Fei-Fei Sun, Tongji University
The development history, the current situation and the future of performance-based seismic design in China are presented. The evolution of performance-based seismic design specified in the Chinese codes for seismic design of 5 editions (Edition 1974…
Comparative Study of the Urban Complex in Shanghai and Hong Kong
Sep 2012 – CTBUH 2012 9th World Congress, Shanghai; Zhendong Wang & Jianduan Chen, Tongji University
The paper analyzes the financial value, space value and urban value of the urban building complex in Shanghai and Hong Kong through three levels: direct synergy, indirect synergy and space synergy. The paper also uses similar projects in Shanghai and…
Overview of Performance-Based Seismic Design of Building Structures in China
Sep 2012 – International Journal of High-Rise Buildings Volume 1 Number 3; Guo-Qiang Li, Yan-Bin Xu, & Fei-Fei Sun, Tongji University
The development history, the current situation and the future of the performance-based seismic design of building structures in China are presented in this paper. Firstly, the evolution of performance-based seismic design of building structures…
Elasto-Plastic Time-History Analysis of the Shanghai Tower Under Rare Earthquakes
Oct 2011 – CTBUH 2011 Seoul Conference; Hao Qin, Xianzhong Zhao, Yiyi Chen & Ben Wang, Tongji University
The Shanghai Tower, designed to be 124 stories of 636m height and currently under construction, will be the tallest building in China. The structure of the building involves mega frames, core wall and outrigger trusses. The method of structural…
Seismic Performance of Core-outrigger Structure with Fuses
Oct 2011 – CTBUH 2011 Seoul Conference; Feifei Sun & Li Sheng, Tongji University
Core-outrigger structure system(COS)has been widely used in high-rise buildings. Perimeter frame columns connected to the core tube by the outrigger will take part in bearing the bending moment, and thus the lateral resistant stiffness of the…
Shaking Table Model Test of a HWS Tall Building
Oct 2004 – CTBUH 2004 Seoul Conference; Xilin Lu, Jianbao Li, Wensheng Lu & Bin Zhao, Tongji University
A model of HWS tall building, undergoing several different simulated earthquake excitations, is studied in this paper. The responses of acceleration and deformation of the model are measured and investigated. Its dynamic behavior, cracking pattern…
Seismic Model Test of a Hybrid High-rise Building in Shanghai
Oct 2004 – CTBUH 2004 Seoul Conference; Wensheng Lu, Zuhua Liu & Xilin Lu, Tongji University; Dasui Wang, Shanghai Xiandai Architectural Design Group
This paper examines a micro-concrete structural model of Shanghai Shimao International Square with scale of 1/33 was constructed, to validate the calculation results, find out possible weak regions, and to ensure the reliability and safety of the…